Mithradates II the great 120 B.C Ancient Silver Parthian Coin 19mm.(3.99g)
Authentic Ancient Coin of:
Parthia - Mithradates II - King: 121-91 B.C. of Parthian Kingdom -
Silver Drachm 19mm (3.99 grams) Ekbatana mint. Struck circa 120/19-109 B.C.
Reference: Sear 7370; Sellwood 26.1; Shore 77
Numismatic Art of Persia, The Sunrise Collection #291
His cuirassed bust left, with long pointed beard.
Archer seated right on throne, holding bow; above, MEΓΑΛΟV ; on right APΣAKOV; in exergue, EΠΙΦΑΝΟVΣ.; on left, ΒΑΣΙΛΕΩΣ.
Son of Artabanos I, he was one of the most celebrated of the Parthian monarchs. During his long reign he succeeded in stemming the advance of the Scythian tribes, and his intervention in the affairs of Armenia led to the elevation of Tigranes to the throne of that country. His last years were troubled by the rebellion of Gotarzes. .
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Mithridates II the Great was king of Parthian Empire from 123 to 88 BC. His name invokes the protection of Mithra. He adopted the title Epiphanes, "god manifest" and introduced new designs on his extensive coinage. Parthia reached its greatest extent during his reign. He saved the kingdom from the Saka tribes, who occupied Bactria and the east of Iran and killed two of his predecessors in battle. Mithridates II extended the limits of the empire, according to the 3rd century Roman historian Junianus Justinus who tends to confuse him with Mithridates III, under whom Parthia received severe setbacks. He defeated KingArtavasdes I of Armenia and conquered seventy valleys, making the heir to the Armenian throne, prince Tigranes, a political hostage. In 123 BC and 115 BC he received Chineseambassadors sent by the Han emperor Wu Di to reopen the Silk Road through negotiations. His later coins show him bearded, wearing the high domed Parthian crown applied with a star. He also interfered in the wars of the dynasts of Syria. He was the first Parthian king who entered into negotiations with Rome, then represented by Lucius Cornelius Sulla, praetor of Cilicia in 92 BC.
Mithridates II of Parthia
Born: Unknown Died: 88 BC
Artabanus I Great King (Shah) of Parthia
123–88 BC Succeeded by
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